DOI: 10.12924/of2021.07010001 |Publication Date: 5 October 2021
A Proposal for Improving Organic Group Certification Quantification of Internal Control Systems' Performance and Sample Size Determination
Albrecht Benzing 1, * and Hans-Peter Piepho 2
|1 CERES GmbH, Bavaria, Germany|
|2 Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Crop Science, University of Hohenheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany|
|* Corresponding author|
Abstract: Organic certification, especially for smallholders, often uses group certification procedures. An internal control system (ICS) visits all farmers, and then the external certification body (CB) inspects a sample to assess the ICS' performance. Harmonised methods for measuring the ICS' reliability are missing so far. Here, we define criteria of "ICS performance", propose a new procedure for quantifying this performance and, based on this procedure, suggest that the sample size can be determined using classical statistical methods for survey sampling, instead of using the square root or a percentage of group size as in current practice.
Keywords: Internal control system; Organic group certification; Survey sampling; Systemic non-conformities; Witness audits