DOI: 10.12924/johs2014.10010046 |Publication Date: 30 October 2014

Human Security and Developmental Crisis in the Contemporary West Africa

Ayodeji A. Aduloju 1, * and Omowunmi O. Pratt 1
1 Department of International Relations Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria
* Corresponding author
Abstract: The last two decades were characterized by severe conflicts in the West Africa subregion. The era of conflict resolution, management and peace building thus came to define theregion. The destruction left by long years of protracted conflicts and the present state of devel opment is reason enough to warrant attention both from within and beyond. The study expounds, operationalizes and clarifies the concept of human security and development, and how human security issues lead to underdevelopment. The paper investigates the human security concerns in the post-conflict period and also looks at the crisis of development in the sub-region. It highlights details on the developmental crises that have bedevilled the sub-region and at the same time exposes the threats these crises pose on national security and peace in the subregion. This paper concludes that there is no appreciable effort in operationalizing human security in West Africa and this will lead to instability. The paper maintains that human security issues now complicate the developmental crisis in the sub-region due to its ambiguity. The paper suggests that policy makers should address human security issues in order to tackle developmental crisis in the sub-region.

Keywords: conflict and wars; development; human security; West Africa


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