DOI: 10.12924/johs2017.13010022 |Publication Date: 11 May 2017
Local Actor Strategies for Achieving Human Security Functionings
|Faculty for Social Science, Nord University, Bodø, Norway|
Abstract: This article explores the experiences of community-level actors in the pursuit of greater human security in their communities. Utilizing a conceptual framework based on the capability approach, human security, and securitization theory it considers local actor perceptions of security and the strategies used to achieve their goals. It presents and discusses strategies employed by two distinct actors—a local non-governmental organization and an independent group of community dwellers—in their attempts to achieve security functionings. The results of this qualitative study suggest that while community-level actors view themselves as being empowered as agents in achieving certain human security functionings, the ability of local actors to achieve higher-level functionings is dependent on their recognition as legitimate securitizing agents by more powerful actors and potential partner groups.
Keywords: capabilities approach; Copenhagen school; development; human security; securitization