DOI: 10.12924/johs2020.16020001 |Publication Date: 5 May 2020
Emerging Perspectives on Post-Conflict Police-Community Relations II
Ingrid Nyborg 1, * and Daniel Juddson Lohmann 1
|1 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), As, Norway|
|* Corresponding author|
Abstract: The world is increasingly interconnected - insecurity in one country can both directly and indirectly affect the security of people, countries and regions that are far away. Therefore, when conflict erupts in one part of the world, the international community responds in various ways to mitigate its effects, both locally and internationally. Whether it be through the provision of police, military and/or civilian personnel, humanitarian assistance, or post-conflict development assistance, the international community has repeatedly attempted to mitigate the effects of conflict, as well as to contribute to reforms which might lead to the prevention of local and global insecurity in the future. This Special Issue is dedicated to exploring community-oriented policing (COP) and police reform in a series of post-conflict contexts: Kosovo, Guatemala, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Kenya. The papers are based on mixed-methods research conducted under the EU-funded project ‘Community-Oriented Policing and Post-Conflict Police Reform’ (ICT4COP 2015-2020). In this project, and in the papers in this special issue, we explore how police reform in volatile contexts has taken place, and whether a focus on COP approaches rather than militarized approaches might be more effective in building trust, preventing violence and ensuring human security.
Keywords: Community-Based Policing; Police Reform; International Police Advising; Africa; South Asia; Eastern Europe; Central America; Post-Conflict; Human Security; Development; Youth