DOI: 10.12924/johs2019.15020021 |Publication Date: 17 July 2019
Role of ICT in Community-Oriented Policing in South Asia: Challenges and Opportunities
Tahir Maqsood 1, * , Sajjad A. Madani 1 , Bahadar Nawab 1 , Shakir Ullah 1 and Ingrid Nyborg 2
|1 COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Pakistan|
|2 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Ås, Norway|
|* Corresponding author|
Abstract: Community-oriented policing (COP) as a model has found widespread acceptance throughout the world both in developed and developing countries. Similarly, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been embraced by many developed countries to augment COP initiatives. However, very little is known about the application of ICTs in COP in developing countries, particularly South Asia. In this article, we review the current ICT-based COP initiatives by focusing on some of the selected projects from developed countries and South Asia. The paper has used COP in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province of Pakistan as a case. While meaningful insights can be derived through learning from the experiences of developed countries, we highlight some major issues and challenges that are likely to be faced while implementing ICT based COP in South Asia. Moreover, we provide an overview of some exciting opportunities that arise as a result of embracing ICTs to enhance COP efforts for building trusting community-police relations and hence improving human security in the region.
Keywords: Community-oriented policing; Information and Communication Technologies; South Asia